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2019年人教新课标高中英语必修(二)-Unit1 Cultural relics 课件 (4) (共68张PPT)精品物理_图文


1. ___cu__lt_u_r_a_l____ adj. 文化的 2. ___e_x_p_lo_d__e____ v. 爆炸 3. ___d_e_c_o_r_a_te____ v. 装饰,装修 4. ___r_e_c_e_p_t_io_n___ n.接待,收到 5. ___s_i_n_k_______ v.下沉(go down)

6. ____d_e_s_i_g_n______ n. & v.设计,构思 7.____f_o_r_m__e_r______ adj. 以前的,从前的 8._____lo__c_a_l_______ adj. 本地的,当地的 9. ____e_v_i_d_e_n_c_e_____ n.根据,证据 10.____s_u_r_v_i_v_e______v.幸免,幸存 11.____t_r_o_o_p________ n.群,军队,组 12.____s_t_y_l_e________ n.风格,风度,类型 13.___a_m__a_z_i_n_g______ adj.令人吃惊的

14.debate v.& n. ___争__论_,__辩__论________

15.relic n.

__遗__物__,__遗_迹__,__纪__念__物_

16.mystery n. __神__秘__,__神__秘_的__事__物___

17.castle n. ___城__堡_____________

18.dragon n. ____龙______________

19.dynasty n. ____朝_代__,__王__朝_______

20.eyewitness n. ___目__击__者__,__证_人______

1.value n. 价值,有价值 v.估价,重视
__v_a_lu__a_b_le___adj. 贵重的,值钱的 __v_a_l_u_e_le_s_s__adj.无价的,无效果的 __v_a_l_u_e_r____n.估价人 __o_f _g_r_ea_t__v_a_lu_e_短语 有很大的价值(very valuable)

⑴ Everybody knows that regular exercise is
__v_a_lu__a_b_l_e_/o_f__g_r_e_a_t_v_a_l_u_e__ (value)to our health.
⑵ In order to pay off his debt,he decided to sell
his house and asked the _____v_a_luteor ____v_a_luthee
house.(value)
⑶ If he __h_a_d__v_a_l_u_e_d__ (value)his teacher’s
advice,he would have passed the exam.

2.remove vt.移动;搬开;脱下,消除,免职 __r_e_m__o_v_a_l __n.移动,迁移,免职,去除 __r_e_m_o_v_a_b__le_adj. 可移动的,可除去的 ___r_em__o_v_e_r__n. 移动或去除某物之物

⑴ Tom’s teacher suggested that he(_sh__o_u_ld_)_r_e_move
(remove)his name _f_r_o_m___ the list.
⑵ You needn’t have been so worried about the stain because it is _r_em__o_v_a_b_l_e and I have ar_e_m_o_ver
to _r_e_m__o_v_e_it.(remove)
⑶ The stone in the middle of the road must
__b_e_r_e_m__o_v_e_d___ (remove) in case someone might
trip it over and fall.

3.worth n.价值,用处adj.值得的 __w__o_rt_h_y____adj. 应值得的 _w__o_r_th__w_h_i_le_adj.值得的 __w_o_r_t_h_le_s_s__adj.没有用的,没有价值的

⑴ The problem__i_s _w_o_r_t_h_c_o_n_s_i_d_e_r_in_g_/_is_ _w__o_r_th__y_o_f_b_e_i_n_g_c_o_n_s_i_d_e_r_ed__/i_s_w_o_r_t_h_y__to _b__e_c_o_n_s_id_e_r_e_d____ (值得考虑).
⑵ The microcomputer__i_s_w_o_r_t_h__te_n___ __t_h_o_u_s_a_n_d_d__o_ll_a_r_s_ (值一万美元).
⑶ It is _w_o_r_t_h_w_h_i_l_e using waste materials. (worth)

4.doubt n.& v. 怀疑,不信,不信任 __d__o_u_b_t_f_u_l__adj. 感到怀疑的,不能决定的 ___d_o_u_b_t_l_e_s_s_adv.大概,很可能 ___w_i_t_h_o_u_t__(a_)__d_o_u_b__t[短语] 无疑地 ___i_n__d_o_u_b__t _[短语] 不肯定的,不确定的

⑴ I feel _d_o_u_b__tf_u_l_ (doubt) about competing in
the match.
⑵ I don’t doubt _t_h_a_t_ he will make rapid
progress in English.
⑶ We doubtw__h_e_t_h_e_r_ the will keep his promise.
⑷ 毫无疑问,他是我们最喜欢的人。
_T__h_e_r_e__is__n_o__d_o_u_b__t_t_h_a_t_\\_W__i_t_h_o_u_t__d_o_u_b_t_he is
the person we like best.

1.an amazing history 一__段__令__人__惊_叹__的__历__史

2.serve as

_充__当__,_作__________

3.less than

__少__于____________

4.the way she wanted__她__喜__欢__的_方__式_____

5.great wonders of the world_世_界__上_的__伟_大__奇_迹

6.the entrance to the mine _煤__矿__的_入__口____

7.rather than __胜__于__,__而__不__是_______

8.in the fancy style __以__奇__特__的__风__格_______

9.remain a mystery__仍__然__是__个__迷_________

10.be in a trial ___在__审__判__中___________

11. 大约四米长 12. 属于 13. 作为报答

_a_b_o_u_t_f_o_u_r_m__e_t_re_s__lo_n_g ____b_e_lo_n_g__t_o_________ ____i_n_r_e_t_u_r_n_________

14. 这/有段时间……Thi_s_/T__h_e_re__w_a_s_a__t_im__e_when ...

15. 作为……的礼物 __a_s__a_g__if_t_o_f______

16. 拆开

___ta_k__e_a_p__a_r_t_____

17. 成为……的一部分__b_e_c_o_m__e__p_a_r_t_o__f

18. (对……)高度评价___t_h_in__k__h_ig__h_ly__(_o_f...)

19. 轮流做

___ta__k_e_t_u_r_n__s_t_o__d_o

20. 添加……到…… ___a_d_d_._._.t_o_._..______

1.春节快到了,为了迎接新的一年,Jim决定用小灯笼 装饰他门前的一棵树。(decorate...with)
1.The Spring Festival was approaching,so in order to welcome the new year,Jim decided to decorate the tree in front of his house with small lanterns.
2.那属于他的树有8米高,且稀有,价值高。(eight meters tall,of great value)
2.The tree belonging to him was eight meters tall, rare and of great value.

3.毫无疑问,他需要他女儿的帮忙。(There is no doubt that)
3.There was no doubt that he was in need of his daughter’s help with the decoration.
4.他们轮流爬到树上挂灯笼。(take turns to do sth.)
4.They took turns to climb up the tree to hang the lanterns.

5.女儿按照父亲喜欢的方式来装饰树木。(the way that ...)
5.His daughter decorated the tree the way that he wanted.
6.他想象不到女儿做得那么好。(fancy)
6.What he couldn’t fancy was that she did such a good job.

7.他称赞了她。作为回报,他买了一辆玩具车给 她作为礼物。(in return,as a gift of)
7.He thought highly of her,and in return,he bought her a toy car as a gift of her help.
8.他告诉她不能拆开玩具车因为有段时间她总是 喜欢这么做。(take apart,there was a time when)
8.He told her not to take it apart because there was a time when she was always doing so.

One possible version: The Spring Festival was approaching,so in order to welcome the new year,Jim decided to decorate the tree in front of his house with small lanterns.The tree belonging to him was eight meters tall,rare and of great value. There was no doubt that he was in need of his daughter’s help with the decoration so that they could take turns to climb up the tree to hang the lanterns.

What he couldn’t fancy was that his daughter decorated the tree the way that he wanted,and did such a good job. Owing to it, he thought highly of her,and in return,he bought her a toy car as a gift of her help, but he told her not to take it apart because there was a time when she was always doing so.

Frederick William I,the King of Prussia, could never have imagined that his great gift 1
__t_o_ the Russian people would have 2 s_u_c_h__ an
amazing history.This was the Amber Room,3
w_h_i_c_hwas given this name 4 b__e_c_a_u_s_ealmost seven
thousand tons of amber were used to make it.

Amber has a beautiful yellow-brown colour.Although it 5 __fe_e_l_s (feel) as hard as stone,it easily melts when 6_h__ea_t_e_d_ (heat). Once it is heated,the amber can become any shape.The design for the room was 7 _i_n_ the fancy style popular in those days.

The Amber Room was also made with gold and jewels. It took a team of the country’s best artists ten years to make 8__it_ . Everyone agreed that it was the best and works of biggest amber art ever 9_m__a_d_e_ (make). 10_H__o_w_e_v_e_r_ ,in 1941 the Nazi German army stole it.

1.St Petersburg is a very beautiful city, _w__h_i_ch____was once called Leningrad.
2.Alice received an invitation from her boss, ________w_hciachme as a surprise.
3.The situation _w_h_e_r_e_ you use the words is very clear in fact.

4.Next winter,_w__h_i_ch___ you will spend in Harbin,I’m sure,will be another exciting holiday.
5.The reason _w__h_y__ he didn’t join in the training was _t_h_a_t___ he was ill.
6.据我们所知,吸烟有害健康。 _A__s_w_e__k_n_o_w_,smoking is harmful to our health.

7.太阳使地球暖起来,这对我们人类很重要。 The sun heats the earth___w_h_i_c_h_i_s_v_e_r_y_ i_m__p_o_r_ta_n_t__to__u_s__. 8.我买了一个古瓷花瓶,价格挺合理。 I bought an ancient Chinese vase,t_h_e__p_r_ic_e_of w_h__ic_h_/_w_h_o_s_e_p__ri_c_e_/o_f_w__h_i_ch__t_h_e_p_r_i_c_e_w__a_s _v_e_ry _re_a_s_o_n_a_b_l_e_______.

9.那人车坏了,大家都跑过去帮忙。
They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down.
10.他住伦敦三个月,在这段时间里他学了一些 英语。
He lived in London for 3 months,during which time he learned some English.

1.fancy adj.奇特的;异样的;vt.想象;设想;爱好 fancy that...以为是…… fancy(sb’s)doing...想象(某人)做某事 fancy oneself 自以为是 fancy sb.to be/as 想象/认为某人会成为……

运用:完成句子
⑴ 那是一双非常别致的鞋!
That’s a very_f_a_n__c_y_p__a_ir__o_f_s_h_o_e_s__!
⑵ 我看今天要下雨。
I __fa__n_c_y_(_t_h_a_t_)_it’s going to rain today.
⑶ 她竟如此放肆!
__F_a_n_c_y_her __b_e_i_n_g__ so rude!

2.survive vt.&vi.幸免;幸存;生还 派生:survival n.幸存,生还
survivor n.幸存者

运用:完成下列句子。
⑴ 洪水后极少有人生还。(remain alive)
___F_e_w__s_u_r_v_i_v_e_d___ after the flood.
⑵ 她叔叔从地震中幸存下来了,但她的其他家 庭成员都没幸免。(continue to exist or live after)
Her uncle _s_u_r_v_i_v_e_d__th__e_e_a_r_t_h_q__u_a_k_e_ ,but no
one else in her family did.

3.select vt. 挑选;选择(choose)
运用:用select完成下列句子,注意与之搭配的 介词。
⑴ 我认为他将被选去踢世界杯。 I think he will be _s_e_le_c_t_e_d_f_o_r the World Cup.
⑵ 他在上学时被选为班长。 He _w__a_s_s_e_le_c_t_e_d_a_s_ the monitor when he was at school.

⑶ 一些优秀教师将被选拔到国外深造。 Some excellent teachers will bes_el_e_c_te_d_t_o_s_t_u_dy abroad.
⑷ 她是从许多报名者中选拔出来的。 She was __s_el_e_ct_e_d_f_r_om__/a_m__o_n_g__ many applicants.

4.design n. 设计;图案;构思 vt.设计;计划;构思
运用:用design完成下列句子。
⑴ 大楼的设计吸引了我的注意。 ___T__h_e_d_e_s_i_g_n_o_f_ the building attracted my attention.

⑵ 他为我们设计了一所很美的房子。 He _d__es_i_g_n_e_d_u__s _ a beautiful house.
⑶ 坐落在街道尽头的房子是由玛丽设计的。 The house located at the end of the street __w__a_s_d_e_s_ig_n_e_d__b_y_____ Mary.

5.sink vi. 下沉;沉下(=go down) 运用:用sink完成下列句子。
⑴ 当时夕阳正在西下。 The sun was _s_in_k_i_n_g_ in the west.
⑵ 船撞上了礁石并开始下沉。 The ship struck a rock and began to _s_in_k___ .

1.in search of 寻找(trying to find)(短语介词) the search for寻找(名词短语)
search for寻找(短语动词)
search+某人或某地+for 为找到……而搜 查某地或搜某人的身

运用:用search短语完成下列句子。
⑴ 我到处寻找我的眼镜。 I looked everywhere __in__s_e_a_r_ch__o_f__ my glasses.
⑵ 父母到处找孩子,但没有找到。 The parents __s_ea_r_c_h_e_d__fo_r____ their child here and there,but they didn’t find him.

⑶ 这对夫妇为了他们丢失的小孩找遍了整 条街。 The couple _s_e_a_r_c_h_e_d__ the whole street __f_o_r_ their lost child.
⑷ 人们花了很长时间寻找那个失踪的孩子。 __T_h__e_s_e_a_rc_h__f_o_r_the missing child took people a long time.

2.belong to 属于;为……的一员(be a member of)
运用:根据汉语意思,完成英文句子。
⑴ 这辆自行车是海伦的/我的。 The bike_b_e_lo_n__g_s_to__H__el_e_n_/_m_e__________ .
⑵ 他是高尔夫球(golf)俱乐部的会员。 He _b_e_l_o_n_g_s_t_o_a__g_o_lf__c_lu_b_____________.

注意: ⑴ 只用于主动语态,不能用于被动语态; ⑵ 只用于一般时态,不用于进行时态。 ⑶ 千万不要受汉语“属于某人的”的影响, 而在belong to后误接表示“某人的”的物主 代词或者名词的所有格,应当接宾格或者直 接接名词。

3.in return 作为报答;回报(adv.) in turn依次地,轮流地(adv.)
运用:用in return或in turn填空。 ⑴ The students clean the classroom every
day___in__t_u_r_n__. ⑵ I sent him a present _in__r_e_tu_r_n_ for his help. ⑶ He was always ready to help others, __i_n_r_e_t_u_r_n__,he was liked by everyone.

4.at war处于交战状态
说明:“at+某些名词”表示“处于某种状 态”,又如at work(在工作),at risk(在危 险中)。 运用:根据汉语意思,完成英文句子。
两国还在交战。 The two countries are __a_t_w__a_r____.

5.less than 少于 less...than...不如
运用:根据汉语意思,完成英文句子。 ⑴ 他们中大多数不到30岁。 Most of them are__l_es_s_t_h_a_n_3_0_____ . ⑵ 他不比她高。 He is not so tall as she is.=He is ___le_s_s _ta_l_l _th_a_n__she is.
联想:more than多于;more...than... 比……更。

6.take apart拆卸,拆开
运用:根据汉语意思,完成英文句子。
⑴ 机器已被拆开。
The machine has already_b_e_e_n__t_a_k_e_n__a_p_a__r_t_.
⑵ 男孩把玩具汽车拆开了,可怎么也安不上了。
The boy _to__o_k__a_p_a_r_t_ the toy car,but couldn’t
put it together again.

7.think highly of(=have a good/high opinion of) 看重,对……评价很高
运用:根据汉语意思,完成英文句子。
⑴ 我们对我们的老师评价很高。
We__t_h_i_n_k__h_i_g_h_l_y_o_f__o_u_r__te_a_c_h__e_r____ .
⑵ 他们对你的工作能力评价很高。
They _t_h_i_n_k__h_i_g_h_l_y_o_f__y_o_u_r__w_o_r_k__a_b__il_i_ty___.

联想:think much of 重视 think little of 不重视 think well of 对……看法好 think badly of对……印象不好

1.原句:Frederick William I,the King of Prussia, could never have imagined that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such a amazing history.(P1,L1)普鲁士国王腓特烈·威廉一世从来 也不会想到他赠送给俄国人民的礼物会有这样一 段令人惊讶的历史。
句型:could not/never have done 不可能干了某事
说明:对过去所发生事情的否定推测。

仿写:请将下列句子译成英文。
⑴ 她不可能把她未婚夫带回家。 She _c_o_u_ld_/_c_a_n_n__o_t/_n_e_v_e_r_h_a_v_e__ta_k_e_n_ her future husband home.
⑵ The boy_c_o_u_ld_/c_a_n_n_o_t_/n_e_v_e_r_h_a_v_e_f_in_is_h_e_d_r_e_a_ding (不可能读完这本书) so soon because it is difficult even to an adult.

⑶ 母亲即使做梦也没想到她的儿子会成为一名 世界著名的钢琴家。
Even in her wildest dreams,Mother_c_o_u_l_d_/_c_an _n_o__t/_n_e_v_e_r__h_a_v_e__i_m_a__g_in__e_d_ that her son would
become a world-famous pianist.

2.原句:This was a time when the two countries were at war.(L11,P2)这正值两国交战时期。
句型:This/That /There/It is/was a time when...正值是……的时期

仿写:请将下列句子译成英文。
⑴ 孩子在成长过程中,都有一段偶像塑造与崇 拜的模仿期。
When children are growing up,there is a time when they are looking for models to follow and idols to worship.

⑵ 这是野花盛放的季节。
This is a time when wildflowers are all blooming.
⑶ 那是自行车很罕见的时代。
It was a time when bicycles were rare.

一、完形填空 1.D。但include侧重于对比整体与部分,指 某整体包含或容纳某部分,常用于解释或补 充说明。
2.B。遗址。
3.A。从本段下文可知。
4.A。从下文were free for the first time可知。

5.B。从下文These ex-slaves built the monuments可知。 6.C。describes as “称作”的意思。 7.D。从Robben Island in South Africa可知。 8.C。probably可能性最大。 9.A。从Nelson Mandela...democracy...racism可知。

10.B。代表。 11.C。转折关系。不能填even,不是递进关 系。 12.D。火车横过山区。 13.C。从下文a hill passenger railway可知。 14.D。从use a type of agriculture可知。 15.A。转折,意思是这种耕种方法几乎消失 了。

二、语法填空 本文主要介绍了古希腊妇女的地位和饮食习 惯,以及希腊的土壤情况。 31.their。指“有钱妇女的”房子。 32.were allowed。一般过去时的被动语态。 33.who/that。引导定语从句并在从句中作主 语,先行词为slaves。

34.when。引导时间状语从句,表示 “当……的时候”。 35.how。构成“疑问词+to do”结构,意为 “教他们如何管家”。 36.a。妇女们生活在房子的“一个”特殊的 区域内。 37.along/down。“空格+名词”在句中不是 作主语或宾语,此空格应填介词,表示“沿 着”用along或down。

38.that。指代the soil。
39.including。用在被包括的名词前,用 including。
40.Because。上下句是因果关系。

三、阅读理解 本文介绍Parthenon雕塑的一些基本情况,以及 The British Museum为何拒绝归还雕塑的原因。
51.B。pray 为祈祷,结合第一段中it was for thousands of years the church of the Virgin Mary of the Athenians,then a mosque (清真寺), 可推知Parthenon为祈祷的地方church、mosque (清真寺);同时题干细节For most of its history, 结合常识,人们到此地应为祈祷、祈福。

52.A。划线词所在句为长难句,it后的 动词tell the story of cultural achievement throughout the world, 讲述全球文化成就的故事,及后文 The museum considers itself 可推知。 选项D 为保管人、托管人。

53.B。细节推断题,从文中最后一 句...gain insights on how ancient Greece influenced and was influenced by the other civilizations可 推知人们参观博物馆可了解到古希腊 如何影响其他文化。

54.D。细节推理题,从第二段中Lord Elgin loved Greek history and transported the sculptures back to Britain.可推知。
55.C。文章大意题,从文章结构及最 后两段可推知



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